Travels. The coldest places on earth. Interesting facts
The coldest place of Antarctica and the entire Earth as a whole is the Russian station Vostok.
July 21, 1983 here was recorded the lowest temperature on our planet in the history of meteorological observations -89.2 degrees Celsius. The average temperature in August (the coldest month at the station) is -68 ° C. The average temperature in December (the warmest month) is -31.9 ° C. The warmest day in the history of the Vostok station is January 11, 2002, when the temperature reached -12.2 ° C.
After Antarctica, the coldest part of the world on Earth is Asia, where low temperature records are recorded again on Russian territory. disputes over the title of the Pole of Cold in the Northern Hemisphere are between two settlements in Yakutia — the city of Verkhoyansk (population 1,200) and the village of Oymyakon (population about 500). officially this title belongs to Verkhoyansk, because On February 5, 1892, a temperature of –67.8 ° C was recorded at the local meteorological station, which is a record in the history of official meteorological observations in the Northern Hemisphere.
The third coldest part of the world is North America. On January 9, 1954, a temperature of −66.1 ° C was recorded at the North Ice research station in Greenland. If we take the mainland directly, then the title of the coldest place in North America belongs to the now abandoned Canadian village of Snog, where on February 3, 1947 a temperature of −63 ° C was recorded.
The coldest place in North America
in addition to Verkhoyansk and Oimyakon, which are the coldest places in Asia and the entire Northern Hemisphere, in Russia, namely in the Komi Republic, there is also the coldest place in Europe — this is Ust-Schugor village with a population of about 50 people. December 31, 1978 here was recorded temperature−58.1 ° C.The coldest place in South America is the Argentine city of Sarmiento (Sarmiento), where on June 17, 1907 the temperature was -33 ° C.
The coldest place in Australia and Oceania is the city of Renferly in New Zealand, where on July 18, 1903 a temperature of −25.6 ° C was recorded.
It is warmer in Africa, but sub-zero temperatures are also here. The coldest place in Africa is the city of Ifrane in Morocco, where on February 11, 1935 a temperature of −23.9 ° C was recorded.